Breastfeeding has several benefits for both mother and baby. Breast milk, besides containing many important nutrients for the development of the newborn, also has antibodies that help fight infections. Similarly, breastfeeding is not just nurturing. The contact between mother and child during breastfeeding enables the strengthening of bond between them.
During the first six months of life, the baby does not need any food other than breast milk. In addition to meeting all nutritional needs at this stage, non-nutritive breast suction is essential to impart peace of mind to the newly arrived being.
Despite the many advantages already mentioned, many people find it difficult during breastfeeding. Cracks, incorrect grip and anatomical issues of the breast itself can interfere with this process. To solve all your doubts and help you in such a special moment, we have gathered some important information on the subject. Follow to understand.
How to prepare the breast for breastfeeding?
One of the most important steps to successful breastfeeding is preparation. See below what to do in each phase.
1. Care during pregnancy
During pregnancy, the process of nipple preparation can already be started. At this stage, exposing the breasts to the sun for fifteen minutes daily is enough. Pay attention to periods, avoiding exposure at times between 10 am and 3 pm, and use sunscreen on all exposed areas, except for the nipples.
In addition, it is recommended not to moisturize the nipples during pregnancy and to wash them with water only while bathing.
2. Care during breastfeeding
Just as during pregnancy, you should avoid using soaps and moisturizers on the nipple area. Letting the breasts dry naturally is a measure that prevents fungal growth and reduces the risk of cracking. For this, using the breast milk itself in the halos and nipple is enough to prevent possible infections, since this food has antibacterial, moisturizing and healing action.
In cases of more severe cracks, lanolin-based creams and ointments may be indicated to relieve symptoms. Situations such as breast engorgement are common and so that this condition does not worsen it is recommended to use cold compresses on the breasts.
Top Causes of Breastfeeding Pains
During breastfeeding, it is common to have some unpleasant symptoms. It is not a rule, however, some mothers suffer more and others less. The important thing is to be aware of this information and prepared for what is to come. Some conditions, already mentioned above, can bring pain and discomfort during breastfeeding. These are cracks and breast engorgement.
However, other situations deserve medical attention. See below what they are.
It is an inflammation of the breast tissue that causes fever, pain, swelling, and redness in the spot. In general, you need medical attention as it may be necessary to take antibiotics to fight the infection.
2. Mammary Candidiasis
It is a fungal infection that can cause sore and stinging in the nipple region. Commonly, the area becomes whitish and in such cases, a doctor should be sought to initiate an antifungal treatment.
3. Raynaud’s disease
It is a phenomenon caused by vasoconstriction of the blood vessels in the breast. In addition to the whitish appearance of the nipple, it may present through pain and stinging in place. These characteristics may be confused with other pathologies and it is indicated to seek professional help.
Many of these issues may be related to incorrect handling during breastfeeding. This condition can lead to discomfort caused by inadequate and inefficient breast suction. In addition to breast problems, erroneous sucking prevents the baby from feeding perfectly, which can lead to a reduction in expected weight gain and also a reduction in breast milk production.
Want to know how to identify if breastfeeding is satisfying the baby? Read below.
How to tell if your baby is breastfeeding correctly?
Baby satiety is one of the biggest concerns of mothers of newborns. Is my son feeding satisfactorily? How to know if breast milk is satisfying the baby? If these are some of your questions, see below for how to remedy them.
1. Identify if the handle is correct
The right handle is the first step for the baby to feed properly. In addition to preventing breast problems, efficient suction is important to keep the baby fed. As a characteristic of the correct handle, it is possible to identify the open mouth with lips out, and it is important for the baby to take a large part of the halo and not just the beak.
2. Note if the baby is satisfied after breastfeeding
When satiated, the baby demonstrates characteristics of relaxation and satisfaction. Many even fall asleep right after eating.
3. Watch out for diapers
A well-fed baby should wet 8 to 10 diapers a day. Attention to this is also important for assessing the symptoms of dehydration. As for feces, it is acceptable for breastfed babies to remain for a few days without a bowel movement.
4. Track weight gain
It is common for babies to lose weight in the first weeks of life. This is due to some factors such as the elimination of sweat, meconium, and urine. However, as the weeks go by, you need to monitor whether your weight is increasing. Consultations with the pediatrician should be done regularly to verify the weight gained and to evaluate the success of breastfeeding.